created 07/07/2003; revised 08/07/2020

**NOTE:**
If you have read the chapters on
subroutine linkage,
write each exercise as a
main program calling a subroutine.
Use either the stack-based linkage or the
frame-based linkage convention.
Otherwise write these as an ordinary main.

In the *Settings* menu of SPIM set
Bare Machine OFF, Accept Pseudo Instructions ON,
Enable Branch Delays OFF,
Enable Load Delays OFF, Enable Mapped IO OFF, Load Exception Handler ON.

Write a program that computes the value of the following arithmetic expression for values of x and y entered by the user:

5.4xy - 12.3y + 18.23x - 8.23

Click here to go back to the main menu.

Write a program that computes the sum of the first
`n`

terms of the harmonic series by using a loop:

1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + ... + 1/n

This sum gets bigger and bigger without limit as more terms are added in. Ask the user for the number of terms to sum, compute the sum and print it out. Of course, you will need to use floating point division.

There are several ways that this program could be written. The sensible way is to use both an integer loop counter that is incremented by integer 1 and a separate floating point divisor that is incremented by 1.0 in each loop iteration.

Click here to go back to the main menu.

Write a program that computes the sum of the first
`n`

terms of this series:

1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + ... + 1/2^{n}

Unlike the previous series, this one converges.
For large `n`

the sum is very close to one.
Ask the user for a number of terms to sum,
compute the sum and print it out.

As above, there are several ways that this program could be written. Try to find a sensible way to do it.

Click here to go back to the main menu.

Colors on a Web page are often coded as a 24 bit integer as follows:

RRGGBB

In this, each R, G, or B is a hex digit 0..F. The R digits give the amount of red, the G digits give the amount of green, and the B digits give the amount of blue. Each amount is in the range 0..255 (the range of one byte). Here are some examples:

FFFFFF | 7F7F7F | FF0000 | 00FF00 | 0000FF | FF00FF | 7F007F | 70A0F0 | FF7F7F |

Another way that color is sometimes expressed is as three fractions 0.0 to 1.0 for each of red, green, and blue. For example, pure red is (1.0, 0.0, 0.0), medium gray is (0.5, 0.5, 0.5) and so on.

Write a program that has a color number declared in the data section and that writes out the amount of each color expressed as a decimal fraction. Put each color number in 32 bits, with the high order byte set to zeros:

.data color: .word 0x00FF0000 # pure red, (1.0, 0.0, 0.0)

For extra fun, write a program that prompts the user for a color number and then writes out the fraction of each component.

Click here to go back to the main menu.

Write a program that computes the value of a polynomial using Horner's method. The coefficients of the polynomial are stored in an array of single precision floating point values:

.data n: .word 5 a: .float 4.3, -12.4, 6.8, -0.45, 3.6

Write the program so that the size and the values in the array may be easily changed. Initialize a sum to zero and then loop n times. Each execution of the loop, with loop counter j, does the following:

sum = sum*x + a[j]

To test and debug this program, start with easy values for the coefficients.

Click here to go back to the main menu.

* == easy program ** == moderately easy program *** == harder program **** == project