created: 06/25/2006; revised: 07/05/2007, 05/25/2008, 07/25/2010, 05/27/2014, 07/19/2016
Programs frequently keep data in lists.
Often, arrays are used for this.
Arrays are a fundamental feature of most programming languages.
But because lists are so useful,
Java includes the
which works much like an array with extra methods and features.
Like an array, an
ArrayList contains elements that are accessed using
an integer index.
However, unlike an array, the size of an
ArrayList is not fixed.
ArrayList expands as needed as items are added to it.
ArrayList is one of the standard classes
that students are expected to know for the Advanced Placement test
given in the United States.
Every AP test for the past several years has included a programming
problem involving this class.
Several of the features described in this chapter are new to Java 5.0. Versions of Java older than that will not work.
(Review: ) Examine the following:
String list = new String;
What is the length of the
array referenced by