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Answer:

The answer is the same for both: 7 or 8 places, same as MIPS. All three use the same IEEE standard for single precision float. (But be careful: some C compilers allow you to specify how many bits of precision you want for various data types. Also, C implemented on a weird machine might be non-standard).


Single Precision Arithmetic

InstructionOperation
abs.s fd,fs$fd = |$fs|
add.s fd,fs,ft$fd = $fs + $ft
sub.s fd,fs,ft$fd = $fs - $ft
mul.s fd,fs,ft$fd = $fs * $ft
div.s fd,fs,ft$fd = $fs / $ft
neg.s fd,fs$fd = -$fs

Here are some single precision arithmetic instructions. Each of these corresponds to one machine instruction. There is a double precision version of each instruction that has a "d" in place of the "s". So add.s becomes add.d and corresponds to the machine code that adds two double precision registers.

The first instruction computes the absolute value (makes a positive value) of the value in register $fs

If the data in an operand register is illegal or an illegal operation is performed (such as division by zero) an exception is raised. The IEEE 754 standard describes what is done in these situations.


QUESTION 13:

(Thought Question: ) How does the abs.s instruction alter the 32-bit pattern of the float?