With the non-extended assembler there is
d, s, and t are registers, and an
addiu d,s,imm instruction where
imm is an immediate operand.
With the extended assembler the
instruction translates into different basic instructions
x can be a register, a 16-bit immediate operand, or a
32-bit immediate operand.
Examine the following instruction (for the extended assembler):
The decimal value 40000 is too large to represent in 16 bits,
(the range for 16 bits is -32768 to +32767)
so the instruction cannot be translated into a basic
Two instructions must be used to add
$s0 to 4000010
and to place the result in